#20 感情表現

嬉しいとき、楽しいとき、悲しいときなど、自分の感情を伝えることがありますよね?今回は、そんな喜怒哀楽に関する英語をピックアップしています。

使った英文や単語

感情

  • feelings and emotions
  • 喜:delight / happiness / joy
  • 怒:anger
  • 哀:sadness / sorrow
  • 楽:pleasure / laughter
  • She is a highly emotional person.

  • Yeah! I won the lottery!
    Oh my goodness!
    – I’m thrilled to hear that!
  • What are you going to do with that money?
  • I want to go on a trip with you.
  • You are always cheerful and outgoing, so it will be fun!
    – That’s amazing!
    – I would love to accept your offer!
    – I would love to do that.
  • Great! I am so excited!

  • I’m getting frustrated because…
  • This heat irritates me.
    – Calm down. / Chill out.
  • Don’t get annoyed with me.
  • Well, actually I’m mad at you too.
  • It was your idea to come here.
    – Oh, hell no! Are you kidding me?
    – You are making me upset.
  • I am furious.

  • I was depressed after breaking up with my partner.
  • What happened?
  • He was seeing another girl… I was heartbroken.
  • Oh no… It must be quite shocking for you.
  • It was a tragedy.
  • I am so disappointed with him.

  • What did you do last summer?
  • We went camping every weekend.
  • Was it a great time?
    – Yes! We really enjoyed spending time together.
    – I felt like I’m in seventh heaven!
  • I’m so jealous. / You are so lucky.
  • Why don’t we do it together next weekend?
    Sweet! I can’t be more excited!

#19 体のパーツに関する会話

日常会話で、体調を気にかけたり怪我をしたり、身体について話すことがあるかと思います。そんな身体のパーツに絡めた会話をピックアップしています。

使った英文や単語

体調を気遣う

  • Are you all right?
    – I have a stiff neck/tight shoulders.
    – My lower back is throbbing.
    – My arms are sore from playing baseball.
  • You look pale.
  • How are you feeling?
    – I have a sharp pain/griping pain in my stomach.
    – I’m feeling nauseous/queasy.
  • What’s wrong?
    – My eyes won’t stop twitching.
    – My eyes feel gritty.
    – I’ve got a sty in my right eyelid.

身だしなみ

  • Do I have something on my face?
    – Your eyelash extensions are falling out.
    – Your nose/nostril hair is sticking out.
  • Do I have seaweed in my teeth?
  • get stuck in my teeth
  • front teeth

虫に刺されてかゆい

  • I got a mosquito bite on my forehead.
  • I got stung by a jellyfish.
  • I’ve heard washing the sole of your feet would work against mosquitoes.
  • My left shin itches.
  • I have an itch on my left thigh.

スポーツで体を痛めた

  • Did you get hurt?
    – I pulled a muscle in my right calf.
    – You need a pain-relieving patch.
    – I tore a ligament.
    – Let’s go (to) see a doctor.
  • I got a cramp in my leg.
    – stretch and massage
  • I might have sprained my ankle.
    – I can see its swelling.
    – You must compress the ankle with an elastic bandage.

#18 日常会話 – 頼みごと –

誰かに何かをお願いする時、親しい間柄と仕事や初対面では言い方が変わりますよね。今回は、頼みごとのカジュアルな言い方と丁寧な言い方についてお話しています。

使った英文や単語

親しい間柄での頼みごと

  • I just needed to ask you something. 
    Can you do me a favor?
    – What do you want me to do?
    – Anything for you.
  • Can you come and get me after work?
    – Where should I go?
  • I will be at the shopping mall with my friend.
    Do you mind if you give her a ride too?
    – No, I don’t. / Yes, I do.
    – Of course not. / Not at all.
  • Oh, please. I am asking you to do me a favor.
    Can you please do it for me?

カジュアルなお礼

  • Oh, thank you.
  • You saved my life!
  • I owe you one.

かしこまった場での頼みごと

  • Could I ask for your name?
    Could you fill out this form?
    – Sure. / Certainly. / Absolutely.
  • May I speak to Mr.Smith, please?
    – One moment, please.
    – I’m afraid he’s not available at the moment.
    – Would you mind calling back later?
  • Could you please take a message?
    (※ Could you please be quiet?(命令に近い))

丁寧なお礼

  • I appreciate your help.
  • Thank you for your concern.

#17 日常会話 – 予定編 –

相手に予定を尋ねたり、変更したりするときの会話を、使う場面を想像しながらピックアップしています。

使った英文や単語

予定を尋ねる

  • What are you up to? / What are you doing?
    – Just chilling.
    – Just hanging around.
    – I’m looking for my car key.
  • What’s your plan for today?
    – Working at the office as usual.
  • What time are you coming home tonight?
    – Around 6-ish, I guess.
    ※ blue-ish, green-ish
  • Do you have any plan for tonight? / What’s your plan for tonight?
    – I don’t have any plans.
    – I’ve already got a plan.
  • Are you working this weekend?
    – I will go on a business trip from Thursday until next Monday.

旅行の予定

  • Do you have any plans for the next/upcoming vacation?
    – I don’t have any plans.
    – I have no idea.
    – I’d like to visit my friend in Hawaii.
  • What’s your budget?
    – Around two grand (in Canadian dollar).

予定の変更

  • Are you still available/free next Sunday?
  • Do you remember we plan to have potluck dinner?
  • What should I bring?
    – Anything would be fine.
  • What time will be convenient for you?
    – Oops, I’ve double-booked myself…
    – Can we do it on another day?
    – I am terribly sorry, but I need to cancel our dinner because I will be on a business trip.

#16 日常会話 – 家族との会話 –

仕事や学校から帰って家族や夫婦での会話を、実際にあったことを交えながらお話しています。

使った英文や単語

挨拶

  • How was your day / school?
  • Anything special?

返事

  • It was 〜.
  • It was good.
  • Pretty good. / Not bad.
  • Same as usual.
  • It was just an awful day.

具体的な話

  • What’s wrong?
  • So, because of the fewer immigrants who are coming to my French school, they decided to cancel a couple of classes. They are downsizing to 2 days a week.
  • That’s too bad. / That’s bummer.
  • What’s the point?
  • That’s all.

話題を変える

  • So anyways,
  • By the way,
  • Let’s talk about something else.

今日のこと

  • I met ~ at the grocery store today.
  • One of my friends told me an interesting story today 〜 (that she and your (husband) friend were working at the same office.)
  • You know what,
  • She is moving out of the town.
  • Did you bring in the laundry?
  • No, not yet.

反論

  • That’s what you said.
  • I’m tired of asking you 〜.
  • It’s (The way of your folding is) totally different.
  • Well, I was trying to do 〜.
  • I needed to walk my dog before it gets dark. Don’t you think so?

同意

  • That’s true. / You’re right.
  • I think so. / I guess so.
  • That makes sense.

#15 道案内

旅先や出張先などで、人に道を尋ねることがあると思います。日本にいても、外国からの観光客も増えているので、道を尋ねられて困ったことはないでしょうか。そんなときに使える英語をピックアップしています。

使った英文や単語

尋ねかた

  • Where am I?
  • Where is the restroom / washroom? ( bathroom )
  • I would like to go to the airport.
  • How do I get to the museum?
  • Which bus should I take?
  • How long does it take to get there?
  • Where can I get a ticket?

道案内

  • turn left, turn right
  • turn second left / right
  • take your first / second right
  • go straight, go along
  • go down this street
  • stay on ~ street / ~ avenue
  • go / drive / walk past
  • cross the road
  • go through
  • at the end of the road
  • It’s on your right / left.
  • Go down this street and take your third left. You’ll see a bank on your right.

道路単語

  • corner
  • take that corner
  • traffic light / signal
  • a crosswalk / pedestrian crossing / zebra crossing
  • sidewalk
  • pedestrian overpass
  • underpass
  • junction
  • keep left at the fork, fork in the road
  • T junction
  • head east
  • transfer
  • take a short cut
  • make a detour
  • intersection
  • sign

#14 かわいい

最近、日本ではいろんな意味で使われる「かわいい」ですが、英語にすると、使う相手やシュチュエーションで違う言葉になります。今回はそんな様々な「かわいい」についてお話しています。

使った英文や単語

子供に使うかわいい

  • cute
  • adorable
  • charming
  • lovely
  • small and pretty
  • pretty women

女性が同性または男性に使うかわいい

  • cute
  • good-looking
  • handsome
  • gorgeous
  • buff

男女問わずどんな時にも使える

  • beautiful
  • stunning
  • hot
  • sexy
  • sweet
  • attractive

褒めかた

  • That haircut looks good on you! / You’ve got such nice hair.
  • You look great! / amazing!
  • I like your style.
  • You have good taste!
  • I like your vision.
  • You’re hilarious!
  • awesome!
  • You’re a rock star!
  • I love your smile.

#13 お花見

何かと桜の話題が増えるこの時期。会社や友人、家族などでお花見の予定が入ってくる頃ではないでしょうか?今回は、お花見に関する英語をピックアップしています。

使った英文や単語

花見とは

  • cherry blossoms
  • plum blossoms
  • cherry-blossom viewing party
  • picnic
  • get together
  • booze-up
  • Japanese tradition of welcoming spring
  • an old Japanese custom
  • between late March and early April
  • Let’s go to see cherry blossoms.(× Let’s do cherry blossoms viewing.)

花見に必要なもの

  • secure a spot
  • first come first served
  • competitive
  • picnic mats / blue tarps
  • portable floor-cushion / folding chair
  • disposable heat pad

※Blue tarp を カタカナ英語 ブルーシート と言うと、本編では類似発音のseat と話していましたが、sheet でベッドシーツなどの意味になってしまいます。

宴会で使えるフレーズ

  • Cheers!
  • party tricks / party stunts
  • Do you want to share? (Would you like to share?)
  • I’m tipsy.
  • Are you drunk?
  • Are you having fun?
  • It’s on me.

花見予報

  • flowering date / blooming date
  • cherry blossom front
  • uncertain
  • in bud
  • one-third in bloom
  • half in bloom
  • three-quarter in bloom
  • at their best / peak
  • full bloom
  • fall / scatter

#12 出会いと別れ(挨拶)

春は出会いと別れの季節ですね。学生さんは卒業、社会人の方は転勤や転職などがあるかと思います。今回はそんな時にも使える言葉や、カジュアルな挨拶からちょっと丁寧な挨拶をピックアップしています。

使った英文や単語

出会いと別れの季節

  • meeting and parting
  • graduation
  • admission
  • enrolment
  • begin a new school year
  • a new semester
  • a new turn / trimester
  • farewell party
  • welcome party

– カジュアル編 –

日常の挨拶
  • How’s it going? / How are you doing?
  • What’s up? / What’s new?
  • How’s your day going?
久しぶりの再会
  • Long time no see. / It’s been a while.
  • Long time no talk.
  • I haven’t heard from you for a long time.
またすぐに会う場合
  • Take it easy!
  • Take care!
  • Talk to you later!
  • I’ll text you later.
  • Have a good one!
  • Enjoy the rest of your trip!

– 丁寧な言い方編 –

パーティーなどでの出会いの挨拶
  • Nice to meet you.
  • Nice to see you again.
  • It’s my pleasure… / I am happy to…
  • How have you been?
パーティーなどでの別れ際の挨拶
  • It was nice meeting you.
  • It was nice seeing you again.
  • Thank you for your hospitality.
  • Thank you for a great time.
  • Thank you for everything (you’ve done all for me. / in these three years.)
  • I appreciate your…
  • I appreciate it.
  • I will never forget all the things I have learned from you.

しばらく会えなくなる別れの挨拶

  • I’ll miss you.
  • Let’s keep in touch.
  • Drop me a line sometimes.
  • Say hello to…
  • Let me know when you come back.

#11 ひな祭り

だいぶ暖かくなり、春らしくなってきました。春の行事といえばひな祭りがありますね。今回はひな祭りに関する英語をピックアップしています。

使った英文や単語

ひな祭りについて

  • March 3rd
  • girls festival / dolls festival
  • pray for health and happiness
  • Heian period
  • imperial court
  • display
  • traditional dishes

ひな壇について

  • Seven-tiered Hina doll set
  • stepped/tiered platform
  • crafted doll
  • Japanese ancient costumes
  • twelve-layered kimono
  • the emperor
  • the empress
  • three court ladies
  • five musicians
  • the minister of the right / the minister of the left
  • three servants

受け継がれるひな壇

  • pass down
  • from generation to generation
  • prearranged set
  • superstition
  • packed away